Extraction means extracting types within documents (such as names or places.) TrainTestExtractor tasks use text data. For this example we will use sample1.train as the training data and sample1.test as the testing data. These samples are built into the code, so they require no additional setup To see how to label and load your own data for this task, look at the Labeling and Loading Data Tutorial.
This experiment will train on one set of data and test on another set. The test set is determined either by specifying test Data or by splitting the data. The experiment outputs statistics on token and span precision, recall, and error rates.
Using the gui:
1) To run this type of task using the gui type:
java –Xmx500M edu.cmu.minorthird.ui.TrainTestExtractor –gui
A window will appear. The view and change the parameters of the experiment press the Edit Button located next to TrainTestExtractor. A PropertyEditor will appear:
2) To view what each parameter does and/or how to set it, click the “?” button next to each field. The parameters that must be entered for the experiment to run are baseParameters (-labels) and signalParameters (-spanType or –spanProp) All other parameters have default or are not needed for the result. There are 5 bunches of parameters that can be modified for running a TrainTestExtractor experiment:
1. First training data for the experiment must be entered by specifying a labelsFilename. Since the samples are built into the code, sample1.train can simply be typed into the TextField under labelsFilename to load the data. Note: data from a directory can be loaded by using the browse button.
2. To save the results from the experiment, enter a file to which to write the results in the sasveAs text field. Note: this is optional.
3. Once labelsFilename is specified, click the “Edit” button next to signalParamters. IMPORTANT: labelsFilename must be specified BEFORE clicking “Edit”. Another Property Editor will appear.
Select the trueName from the pull down menu. Then press the “OK” button to close the PropertyEditor for signalParameters
4. Type sample1.test in the testFilename TextField. Note: when a test file is specified, minorthird does not use a splitter. To use a splitter, simply do not specify any test file. The splitter is set to RandomSplitter by default thus does not need to be specified or changed for the experiment to run.
5. Options for how minorthird learns from the training data are in training Parameters. These options all have defaults, so do not need to be explicated stated for the experiment to run. Most importantly the learner can be changed by selected a learner from the pull down menu and edited by pressing the “Edit” button next to learner. To view the javadoc documentation for the currently selected learner, press the “?” button for a link to javadocs. The output parameter specifies how minorthird labels extracted types. By default it is set to prediction, but it is useful to change this to something more informative such as predicted_trueName.
3) Feel free to try changing any of the other parameters including the ones in advanced options. Click on the help buttons to get a feeling for what each parameter does and how changing it may affect your results. Once all the parameters are set, click the “OK” button on the PropertyEditor.
4) Press the Show Labels button if you would like to view the input data for the extraction task. This will pop up the same TextBaseViewer that you would see if you ran ViewLabels on the train data.
5) Now press Start Task under execution controls. The task will vary in the amount of time it takes depending on the size of the data set and what learner and splittler was chosen, but extraction tasks usually take a minute or two. When the task is finished, the error rates will appear in the Error messages and output text area along with the total time it takes to run the experiment.
6) Now that the experiment has run, the results can be seen. In order to look at the details of your results, click the View Results Button in the Execution Controls section. Click on the Evaluation tab to see the precision rates of the experiment. Unless showTestDetails has been deselected (in the advancedOptions menu of splitter parameters), there will be a Full Test Set tab. When this tab is selected, one can compare whatever is labeled (in this case name) to what the learner predicted. When comparing green mean true positive, blue means false negative, and yellow mean false positive. You can also click on the spanTypes tab and select a color and a spam type to highlight. Make sure that you reset controls before highlighting or comparing. After making a selection, click Apply to see the result.
To view the precision rates of the experiment, click the Evaluation tab at the top of the window.
Precision = # units predicted correctly/ # units predicted
Recall = # of units predicted correctly/ # total units
F1 = overall evaluation of performance
For all these statistics, higher numbers are better
7) Press the “Clear Window” button to clear all output from the output and error messages window. This is useful if you would like to run another experiment.
Using the Command Line:
1) To get started using the command line for a classification experiment type:
java –Xmx500M edu.cmu.minorthird.ui.TrainTestExtractor –help
This will list all the command line arguments that you can use.
Note: You can enter as many command line arguments as you like along with the –gui argument. This way you can use the command line to specify the parameters that you would like and use the gui to set any additional parameters or view the results
2) Show options: specifying these options allow one to pop up informative windows from the command line
a. -showData –interactively show the dataset in a new window
b. –showLabels – view the training data and its labels
c. –showResult – displays the experiment result in a new window (see step 6 in Using the gui)
3) The first thing you probably want to enter on the command line is the data you would like to train or train/test on. To do this type –labels and the repository key of the dataset you would like to use. For this experiment you should type: –labels sample1.train
4) Now you either want to specify the dataset you would like to test on by typing –test testFilename or which splitter you would like to use (this is for when you want to train and test on the same data set.) To specify the splitter, type –splitter SPLITTER. Here we are using fixed training and testing data so you can type: –test sample1.test
5) The next necessary parameter to name is either spanProp or spanType. To specify this parameter, type –spanType TYPE. For this dataset TYPE can either be real or spam, so type: -spanType trueName.
6) Other parameters you may want to specify are: the learner (-learner) or whether to save. Use the –help command for descriptions and examples of these parameters. If you are unsure of what learners, use the –gui command so that you can see the list of learners and feature extractor available (under trainingParameters). For this experiment, you can type:
7) -learner “new VPHMMLearner(new CollinsPerceptronLearner(1,5), new Recommended.TokenFE(), new InsideOutsideRedution())”
8) As you can see from this example, the sequenceClassifierLearner, spanFeatureExtractor, and taggingReduction are defined with the learner. If you would like to see the options for these variables, use the –gui command. Once the parameter modification window pops up, click Edit under Parameter Modification and click Edit next to training Parameters. To see what learners are available, scroll through the pull down list next to learner. Once you have chosen a learner, click the Edit button next to learner to choose your sequenceClassifierLearner, spanFeatureExtractor, and taggingReduction. To edit any of these training parameters, press the Edit button next to them.
9) Optional parameters to define are –mixup, -embed, or –output. Use the –help command to learn more about these parameters. –output is set to the default _prediction, so you only need to set this parameter if you would like to the name of the property learned.
10) Specifiying complex parameters on the command line using the –other option:
To specify anything on the command line you can use the -other
option. The way to do this is specify the path name and what it
equals. For example: to set history size:
or to change the numberOfEpochs in the SequenceClassifierLearner
Basically all one has to do is look in the gui and see all the property names, every time you press the edit button you need to add the property you are editing to the path. So if you want to edit something in learner you can specify -other learner.PROPERTY_NAME. Also here is how to specify a class with the other option:
To find the correct class names look at the gui or javadocs to see what options are available and there full class name.